Voting list for TSG CT WG 4 meeting #74

List created on: 1 Jun 2016

This report shows the 3GPP Individual Member organizations on the Voting List for TSG CT WG 4

Inclusion on the list is obtained by attending meetings of TSG CT WG 4

For details on voting, see Article 35 of the 3GPP Working Procedures.

If you believe your company should be included in this list, please provide supporting information to MCC, the 3GPP Support Team, via email to 3gppcontact@3gpp.org

Individual Member - 7

Partner

Prior meeting participation

Has right to vote ...

70
Vancouver

70bis
Belgrade

71
Anaheim

72
Jeju Island

72bis
Ljubljana

73
Osaka

in-person

by-proxy

7LAYERS GmbH

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Individual Member - A

Partner

Prior meeting participation

Has right to vote ...

70
Vancouver

70bis
Belgrade

71
Anaheim

72
Jeju Island

72bis
Ljubljana

73
Osaka

in-person

by-proxy

A.S.T.R.I.D. S.A.

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Aalborg University

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

ACCURIS Ltd

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Acer Incorporated

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Acorn Technologies

ATIS

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

adare GmbH

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Aeroflex / Cobham

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Airbus DS SLC

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Airbus Group SAS

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

AIR-LYNX

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Airwave Solutions Limited

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Alcatel-Lucent

ETSI

y

y

n

y

y

n

Yes

Yes

Alcatel-Lucent Bell NV

ETSI

n

n

y

y

y

y

Yes

Yes

Alcatel-Lucent Deutschland AG

ETSI

y

n

y

y

y

n

Yes

Yes

Alcatel-Lucent Shanghai Bell

CCSA

y

y

y

y

y

y

Yes

Yes

Alcatel-Lucent Telecom Ltd

ETSI

y

y

y

y

y

n

Yes

Yes

Allot Communications Ltd.

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Amdocs Software Systems Ltd

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Analog Devices International

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Andrew Wireless Systems GmbH

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Anemone Technology

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Anritsu Corporation

ARIB

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

ANRITSU LTD

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Apple (UK) Limited

ETSI

n

y

y

n

n

n

No

No

Apple Computer Trading Co. Ltd

CCSA

n

n

y

n

n

n

No

No

Apple Europe Limited

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Apple France

ETSI

n

n

y

n

n

n

No

No

Apple GmbH

ETSI

n

n

y

n

n

n

No

No

Apple Italia S.R.L.

ETSI

n

n

y

n

n

n

No

No

Apple Portugal

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Apple Switzerland AG

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Applied Communication Sciences

ATIS

y

y

y

n

y

y

Yes

Yes

AQSACOM S.A.S.

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

ASCOM (Suisse) SA

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

ASELSAN

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

ASTRI

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

ASUSTEK COMPUTER (SHANGHAI)

CCSA

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

AT&T

ATIS

n

y

n

n

y

n

Yes

Yes

AT&T GNS Belgium SPRL

ETSI

y

n

y

y

n

y

Yes

Yes

AT4 wireless S.A.

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

ATR

ARIB

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Azimuth Systems Incorporated

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Azqtel LLC

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Individual Member - B

Partner

Prior meeting participation

Has right to vote ...

70
Vancouver

70bis
Belgrade

71
Anaheim

72
Jeju Island

72bis
Ljubljana

73
Osaka

in-person

by-proxy

BankID Norge AS

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

BBC

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Beijing Lenovo Software Ltd.

CCSA

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

BEIJING SAMSUNG TELECOM R&D

CCSA

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Beijing Starpoint Technology

CCSA

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Beijing Xiaomi Mobile Software

CCSA

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Beijing Xinwei Telecom Techn.

CCSA

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Bell Mobility

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Benu Networks Inc.

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

BfV

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Bharti Airtel Limited

TSDSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Bittium Wireless Ltd.

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

BlackBerry Japan Limited

ARIB

y

n

y

y

y

y

Yes

Yes

BlackBerry UK Limited

ETSI

n

y

y

y

y

y

Yes

Yes

Bluetest AB

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

BMWi

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

BOCRA

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Bolloré Telecom S.A.S

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

BOUYGUES Telecom

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

BROADCOM CORPORATION

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

BT Group Plc

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Bureau Veritas

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Individual Member - C

Partner

Prior meeting participation

Has right to vote ...

70
Vancouver

70bis
Belgrade

71
Anaheim

72
Jeju Island

72bis
Ljubljana

73
Osaka

in-person

by-proxy

C Spire Wireless

ATIS

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

CableLabs

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Catapult

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

CATR

CCSA

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

CATT

CCSA

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

CATT

ETSI

n

n

n

n

y

n

Yes

No

Cavium

ATIS

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

C-DOT

TSDSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

CEA

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Celltick Technologies Inc.

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Ceragon Networks AS

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

CESG

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

CETECOM GmbH

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

CEWiT

TSDSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

CGC Inc.

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

CHENGDU TD TECH LTD.

CCSA

n

y

n

n

n

n

No

No

China Mobile (Hangzhou) Inf.

CCSA

n

y

n

n

n

y

Yes

No

China Mobile (Suzhou) Software

CCSA

y

n

y

y

n

y

Yes

Yes

China Mobile Com. Corporation

CCSA

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

China Mobile E-Commerce Co.

CCSA

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

China Mobile Group Device Co.

CCSA

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

China Mobile International Ltd

CCSA

y

n

y

n

n

n

No

No

China Mobile M2M Company Ltd.

CCSA

y

n

y

n

y

n

Yes

Yes

China Telecom Corporation Ltd.

CCSA

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

China Telecommunications

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

China Telecomunication Corp.

CCSA

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

China Unicom

CCSA

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

CHTTL

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Cisco Systems

ATIS

n

y

y

n

y

n

Yes

Yes

Cisco Systems Belgium

ETSI

y

y

n

y

n

n

Yes

Yes

Cisco Systems France

ETSI

n

n

y

n

n

y

Yes

Yes

CITC

CCSA

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

CJSC Peter-Service

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

CMDI

CCSA

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

CNES

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Cohere Technologies

ATIS

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Comprion GmbH

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Comptel Corporation

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Comtech Telecommunications Cor

ATIS

n

n

y

n

n

n

No

No

Continental Automotive GmbH

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Convida Wireless LLC

ETSI

n

n

y

n

n

n

No

No

CPqD

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

CTTC

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Czech Technical University

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Individual Member - D

Partner

Prior meeting participation

Has right to vote ...

70
Vancouver

70bis
Belgrade

71
Anaheim

72
Jeju Island

72bis
Ljubljana

73
Osaka

in-person

by-proxy

Dai Nippon Printing Co., Ltd

ARIB

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Datang Linktester Technology

CCSA

n

n

n

n

n

y

Yes

No

Datang Mobile Com. Equipment

CCSA

y

y

n

n

n

n

No

No

DATANG SEMICONDUCTOR CO., LTD

CCSA

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

DATANG TELECOM INTERNATIONAL

CCSA

n

n

n

y

n

n

Yes

No

DCMS

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Department of Telecom

TSDSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Deutsche Telekom AG

ETSI

y

y

y

y

y

y

Yes

Yes

Dish Network

ATIS

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

DOCOMO Communications Lab.

ETSI

n

y

y

y

n

y

Yes

Yes

Dolby Laboratories Inc.

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

DSPG Edinburgh Ltd

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

DTS Licensing Limited

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Individual Member - E

Partner

Prior meeting participation

Has right to vote ...

70
Vancouver

70bis
Belgrade

71
Anaheim

72
Jeju Island

72bis
Ljubljana

73
Osaka

in-person

by-proxy

East China Institute of Tel.

CCSA

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

E-Blink s.a.

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

EBU

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

ECO

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

EIR

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

ENENSYS

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Entreprise des P. et T.

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Ericsson France S.A.S

ETSI

y

y

y

y

y

y

Yes

Yes

Ericsson GmbH, Eurolab

ETSI

y

n

y

y

y

n

Yes

Yes

Ericsson Inc.

ATIS

n

y

n

y

y

y

Yes

Yes

Ericsson India Private Limited

TSDSI

n

n

n

y

y

y

Yes

Yes

Ericsson Japan K.K.

ARIB

n

y

n

y

n

y

Yes

Yes

Ericsson Limited

ETSI

y

n

y

n

y

n

Yes

Yes

Ericsson LM

ETSI

y

n

y

n

y

y

Yes

Yes

Ericsson-LG Co., LTD

TTA

n

y

y

n

y

n

Yes

Yes

ETISALAT

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

ETRI

TTA

n

n

n

y

n

n

Yes

No

ETS-Lindgren Europe

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

EURECOM

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

European Patent Organisation

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Eutelsat S.A.

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Expway

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Individual Member - F

Partner

Prior meeting participation

Has right to vote ...

70
Vancouver

70bis
Belgrade

71
Anaheim

72
Jeju Island

72bis
Ljubljana

73
Osaka

in-person

by-proxy

Fabasoft AG

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Facebook

ATIS

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Fairspectrum Oy

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Fastweb S.p.A.

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

FCC

ATIS

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

FED. MINISTRY FOR TRANSPORT

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Federated Wireless Inc.

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Fiberhome Technologies Group

CCSA

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

FICORA

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Finmeccanica SpA

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

France Brevets

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Fraunhofer HHI

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Fraunhofer IIS

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Friedrich-Alex-Universität

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

FUJITSU Laboratories of Europe

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Fujitsu Limited

ARIB

n

y

n

y

n

y

Yes

Yes

Fujitsu Limited

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Fujitsu Limited

TTC

y

n

y

n

n

y

Yes

Yes

Individual Member - G

Partner

Prior meeting participation

Has right to vote ...

70
Vancouver

70bis
Belgrade

71
Anaheim

72
Jeju Island

72bis
Ljubljana

73
Osaka

in-person

by-proxy

Gemalto N.V.

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

General Dynamics UK Limited

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

GIESECKE & DEVRIENT GmbH

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Gigaset Communications GmbH

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

GM - OnStar Europe

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

GOHIGH DATA NETWORKS TECH.

CCSA

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Google Inc.

ATIS

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Guangdong OPPO Mobile Telecom.

CCSA

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Guardtime

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

GWT

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Individual Member - H

Partner

Prior meeting participation

Has right to vote ...

70
Vancouver

70bis
Belgrade

71
Anaheim

72
Jeju Island

72bis
Ljubljana

73
Osaka

in-person

by-proxy

Harris Corporation

ATIS

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

HARTING Electric Gmbh & Co. KG

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

HCL Technologies limited

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

HEAD acoustics GmbH

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

HEPTA 7291

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Hewlett-Packard Enterprise

ETSI

y

y

y

y

y

n

Yes

Yes

HiSilicon Technologies Co. Ltd

CCSA

n

y

y

y

y

y

Yes

Yes

Hitachi Europe Ltd.

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Hitachi Ltd.

ARIB

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

HOME OFFICE

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

HTC Corporation

CCSA

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Huawei Device Co., Ltd

CCSA

y

y

y

y

y

y

Yes

Yes

HUAWEI TECH. GmbH

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Huawei Tech.(UK) Co., Ltd

ETSI

n

y

y

y

n

y

Yes

Yes

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co. Ltd.

ETSI

y

y

y

n

y

n

Yes

Yes

HuaWei Technologies Co., Ltd

CCSA

y

n

y

y

y

y

Yes

Yes

Huawei Technologies France

ETSI

y

n

n

y

y

y

Yes

Yes

HUAWEI Technologies Japan K.K.

ARIB

y

y

y

y

y

y

Yes

Yes

Huawei Technologies Sweden AB

ETSI

y

y

y

y

y

y

Yes

Yes

Huawei Telecommunication India

TSDSI

y

y

y

y

y

y

Yes

Yes

HUGHES Network Systems Ltd

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Hytera Communications Corp.

CCSA

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Individual Member - I

Partner

Prior meeting participation

Has right to vote ...

70
Vancouver

70bis
Belgrade

71
Anaheim

72
Jeju Island

72bis
Ljubljana

73
Osaka

in-person

by-proxy

IAESI

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

IBM EUROPE

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Idaho National Laboratory

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

III

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

IIT Bombay

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

IIT Bombay

TSDSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Imagination Technologies Ltd.

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Indian Institute of Tech (H)

TSDSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

INFINEON TECHNOLOGIES

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Inmarsat

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Innovative Technology Lab Co.

TTA

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Institute for Infocomm Researc

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Intel

ATIS

n

n

y

n

y

n

Yes

Yes

Intel China Ltd.

CCSA

n

n

y

n

y

n

Yes

Yes

Intel Corporation (UK) Ltd

ETSI

n

y

n

y

n

n

Yes

Yes

Intel Deutschland GmbH

ETSI

n

n

y

y

y

n

Yes

Yes

Intel Finland Oy

ETSI

n

n

y

n

n

y

Yes

Yes

Intel K.K.

ARIB

n

n

y

n

n

y

Yes

Yes

Intel Korea, Ltd.

TTA

n

y

y

n

n

n

No

No

Intel Mobile Communications

TSDSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Intel Mobile Denmark

ETSI

y

n

y

n

n

n

No

No

Intel Mobile France

ETSI

y

n

y

y

y

n

Yes

Yes

Interdigital Asia LLC

TTA

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

INTERDIGITAL COMMUNICATIONS

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Intertek

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

IPCom GmbH & Co.KG

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Irdeto BV

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

IRT

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Iskratel Ltd.

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

ITALTEL SpA

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

ITOCHU Techno-Solutions Corp

TTC

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

ITRI

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Individual Member - J

Partner

Prior meeting participation

Has right to vote ...

70
Vancouver

70bis
Belgrade

71
Anaheim

72
Jeju Island

72bis
Ljubljana

73
Osaka

in-person

by-proxy

Japan Radio Co., Ltd

ARIB

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Jasper Technologies, Inc.

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

JISC

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Juniper Networks

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Individual Member - K

Partner

Prior meeting participation

Has right to vote ...

70
Vancouver

70bis
Belgrade

71
Anaheim

72
Jeju Island

72bis
Ljubljana

73
Osaka

in-person

by-proxy

Kapsch CarrierCom France S.A.S

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Kapsch TrafficCom AG

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

KATHREIN-Werke KG

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

KCCS MOBILE ENGINEERING Co.Ltd

ARIB

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

KDDI Corporation

ARIB

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

KDDI Corporation

TTC

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Keysight Technologies UK Ltd

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Knowles Inc.

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Kodiak Networks

ATIS

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Korea Testing Laboratory

TTA

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

KPN N.V.

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

KRRI

TTA

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

KT Corp.

TTA

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Kyocera Corporation

ARIB

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Individual Member - L

Partner

Prior meeting participation

Has right to vote ...

70
Vancouver

70bis
Belgrade

71
Anaheim

72
Jeju Island

72bis
Ljubljana

73
Osaka

in-person

by-proxy

Lenovo (Beijing) Ltd

CCSA

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Lenovo Mobile Com. Technology

CCSA

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

LG Electronics France

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

y

Yes

No

LG Electronics Inc.

TTA

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

LG Uplus

TTA

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Ligado Networks

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Individual Member - M

Partner

Prior meeting participation

Has right to vote ...

70
Vancouver

70bis
Belgrade

71
Anaheim

72
Jeju Island

72bis
Ljubljana

73
Osaka

in-person

by-proxy

Marben Products

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Marvell Switzerland

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

MCIT

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

MediaTek Beijing Inc.

CCSA

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

MediaTek Inc.

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Mesaqin.com s.r.o (Ltd.)

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Microsemi

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

MICROSOFT EUROPE SARL

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

MINISTERE DE L'INTERIEUR

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Ministère Economie Indu. Numer

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

MINISTERIO DE INDUSTRIA

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Ministry of Economic Affairs

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Mitel Mobility UK Limited

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

MITRE Corporation

ETSI

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Mitsubishi Electric Co.

ARIB

n

n

n

n

n

n

No

No

Mitsubishi Electric Corp

TTC

n