The Mobile Broadband Standard


  Table of contents  


 Who can become an Individual Member of 3GPP and how much does it cost?

Individual Members are by definition members of the Organizational Partners of 3GPP. This means that members of standardization bodies such as ETSI, ARIB, TTA, TTC, ATIS and CCSA have a right to take part in 3GPP. If your company becomes an ETSI member, please be informed that for participation in 3GPP you need to pay 3 units of contribution as a minimum except SMEs, Users, Universities, Public Research Bodies who should pay 2 units (instead of 1). If you determine 2 units for your company based on ICT business turnover, you have to add another unit of contribution. If you require further guidance on how to participate in 3GPP activities you should contact This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 Who may participate in 3GPP meetings?

To attend a 3GPP meeting, you must be a 3GPP Individual Member (i.e. you must be a Member of one of the Organizational Partners involved in the project; ARIB, CCSA, ETSI, ATIS, TTA or TTC. A non-member company should seek membership with one of the above partners to be eligible to contribute and participate at 3GPP Meetings.

 Who shall fill in the 3GPP Individual Member Application form?

The person legally responsible for the requesting company shall fill in the form.

 What shall I do if a 3GPP company or official contact details change?

All changes of correspondence should be notified to This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 Different membership categories?

The different membership categories of 3GPP are described in Section B of the 3GPP Working Procedures Look here>>>.

 Who may become an observer?

The status of Observer may be granted by the Organizational Partners to an entity which has the qualifications to become a future Partner.

 Who may become a Guest Member and do guests have to pay any fees?

The Guest Status is for potential Individual Members who may be granted permission to participate in 3GPP for a maximum period of 6 months. Guest status is granted on a case-by-case basis by the Organizational Partners (see also 3GPP Working Procedures Article 10). If you like to apply for a Guest status, please complete the on-line 3GPP Application form.

IMPORTANT NOTICE: The online application form for 3GPP Individual membership and 3GPP guest status is under construction, therefore please send any request for membership to This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

No membership fees are requested for Guest applications.

 Who can apply for market representative Partnership?

Organisation who have the ability to offer market advice to 3GPP and to bring into 3GPP a consensus view of market requirements (e.g.,services, features and functionality) falling within the 3GPP scope (see also 3GPP Working Procedures, Article 7 and Annex E) .

 Can an ETSI Observer become an Individual Member of 3GPP?

No, an ETSI Observer may "observe" all activities, but their participation is limited to the ETSI General Assembly only. Therefore, ETSI Observers have no participation rights in 3GPP. ETSI Observers have access to ETSI documentation and of course to 3GPP documentation since that is openly published on the web.

3GPP does have it’s own category called "Observer" but that is entirely different and is used for potential Partners.

 Can an ETSI Applicant apply for 3GPP Membership?

YES, an Applicant means that your request to become an ETSI Member will be addressed (and normally approved) at the next General Assembly and that the company has specified they want to participate in 3GPP activities. See also above regarding 3GPP fees.

 Can an ETSI Member apply for 3GPP Guest status?

Yes, any ETSI Member who pays 1 or 2 Units of Contribution are eligible for 3GPP Guest status.

3GPP email exploder lists

 Are there discussion archives for the 3GPP exploder lists?

Home page of listserv

Then, just follow the links to the archives. For example, the archives for the main RAN email list

 How do I subscribe to the 3GPP exploder lists?

follow the instructions found >>>here

Legal Matters

 What is the 3GPP IPR Policy?

The 3GPP Organizational Partners have agreed that their IPR policies should be respected and that their respective members should be encouraged to declare "their willingness to grant licenses on fair reasonable terms and conditions and on non discriminatory basis" (Article 3.1 of the Third Generation Partnership Project). For more information look Here

The above-mentioned principles are further reflected in Article 55 of the 3GPP Technical Working Procedures which request that each Individual Members should declare "at the earliest opportunity, any IPR which they believe to be essential, or potentially essential, to any work ongoing within 3GPP".

  What is the 3GPP policy on licensing?

Some aspects of 3GPP systems are covered by essential Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) - that is, patented technologies without which equipment cannot be implemented. The IPR vests in - i.e. the patents are held by - individual companies, and not by 3GPP itself or any of its Organizational Partners (OPs). All Individual Members of 3GPP abide by the IPR policies of the OP to which they belong; all such policies are broadly similar see also "What is the 3GPP IPR Policy", and require IPR holders to make licences available to all third parties, whether or not they are 3GPP Individual Members, under fair, reasonable and non-discriminatory (FRAND) terms.

Neither 3GPP nor its component OPs offer an IPR search service. It is the responsibility of each manufacturer / system implementor to seek and obtain its own licences from the individual IPR holders.

For more information, and a guide to the IPRs declared to each 3GPP OP, look here>>>

(Answer drafted 2005-09-12 by JMM.)

 What is the 3G Patent Platform?

On the fringe of standardization activities some telecom companies have set up a voluntary arrangement for the licensing of essential patents required to meet the standards published for 3G systems has emerged.

Please find a historical recap of the creation of the 3G Patent Platform. Thank you to note that Phase 3 has not started yet.

1. Discussions started in the UMTS IPR working Group (1998).

2. The UMTS IPR working group operated within the UIAP (UMTS Intellectual Property Association) to define the functions of the 3G Patent Platform.

The 3G Patent Platform will provide services for:

  • Evaluating,
  • Certifying and,
  • Licensing

essential patents for 3G Mobile communications.

3. Implementation of the 3G Patent Platform scheme.

The 3G Patent Platform will operate within a new profit service company governed by the members (essential patent holders and licensees). As of today this NEW CO is not operational since it is waiting for the approval of the US/EC/Japanese competition law authorities in order to launch the above-described activities.

More information...

 Is it true that a number 3GPP members are looking at setting up a patents cooperative, with the aim of reducing the royalties they pay each other for the use of patented technology in third-generation mobile systems?

  1. Discussion started in the UMTS IPR working Group (1998),
  2. Creation of the UIAP (UMTS Intellectual Property Association) which has performed the function of the definition the 3G Patent Platform scheme (Evaluation of a patent, certification of essentiality, licensing arrangements, etc.) and which is the legal owner of the 3G Patent Platform Specification.
  3. Implementation of the scheme:

As of today NEW CO (implementing the 3G Patent Platform) has not be incorporated and the Patent Platform scheme is not operational as it is awaiting for the approval of the US/EC competition law authorities.

ETSI follows the development of the 3G Patent Platform but, as a neutral standard body, cannot take an active participation in this market initiative.

 Who owns the Technical Specifications and the Technical Reports approved by 3GPP?

According to the Article 3.2.2 of the Third Generation Partnership Project Agreement, the 3GPP Organizational Partners jointly own copyright on the Technical Specifications and the Technical Reports approved by 3GPP.

 Does a company implementing a product based on the 3GPP specifications have to pay any royalties to the 3GPP organization?

The Third Generation Partnership Project is not a legal entity but a Partnership Project between different standardization organizations in the field of telecommunications.

 Are meeting contributions to ETSI TC SMG publically available?

The GSM standardization work was transferred from CEPT to ETSI in 1991. TC SMG was closed at meeting #32 and TC SMG created to continue the work. Like almost all ETSI Technical Committees, participation in TC SMG and its working groups was open to all ETSI member organizations. That is, any bona fide representative of an ETSI member was free to participate. Exceptionally, other individuals could participate by express invitation of the chairman. Each meeting report contains a list of participants with their corporate affiliations.

Until the late 1990s, all meeting documents were circulated in paper form. Electronic files started to take over from paper in around 1997. Meeting documents ("TDocs") were distributed by post (later, by fax) in batches prior to the meeting, to those persons registered as regular participants in SMG or the appropriate working group, and many more documents were produced during the course of the meeting itself. Although a provision existed (and still exists) in the context of the IPR Policy for contributors to place restrictions on the distribution of TDocs via a formal notification at the time the document was provided, this was seldom if ever invoked. In the absence of such a condition, all TDocs were free of any restriction on subsequent distribution. Thus no restriction has ever been placed on how meeting participants dispose of the documents subsequent to their distribution before, during, or after the meeting. There were no non-disclosure agreements.

ETSI maintains a paper archive of the SMG TDocs, and bona fide representatives of current ETSI members can, by appointment, make an accompanied search of the archives. This facility extends to members which may not have been members at the time the document was originally produced.

TC-approved versions of ETSI “deliverables” (see ETSI Directives for formal definition of this term) would have been transferred by the support officer of the committee to the secretariat team responsible for publishing ETSI deliverables. That team would have made cosmetic (non-technical) modifications to the draft deliverables before issuing them. Depending on the type of “deliverable”, those documents would have been issued via National Standards Organizations (NSOs) either for immediate publication, or first via either a one-step or two-step national public enquiry and vote process prior to final publication by ETSI. In ETSI parlance, “publication” of a deliverable is the final step in the development cycle of a technical standard, and has a precise meaning. That meaning is not “making publically available”, since draft deliverables released for public enquiry or for vote are "publically available" but not yet "published".

If the confidentiality conditions described above had been imposed on a TDoc by its authors, if the text of that TDoc was in due course incorporated into an ETSI "deliverable", then those conditions are regarded as anulled from the date on which the deliverable is published.

Collections of TDocs / meeting reports have from time to time been made available to ETSI members in CD or DVD form.

 Is permission needed to use the 3GPP logo in marketing collaterals or on a web site?

ETSI (European Telecommunications Standards Institute) is the sole owner of the following acronyms:

  • ETSI,
  • DECT,
  • UMTS,
  • 3GPP and

as well as the ETSI, TIPHON and 3GPP logos. ETSI Members shall use these Trade Marks in accordance with Collective Letter 1943. Authorization is needed to use the above mentioned acronyms and logos.

For further information contact This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. .

 Can I use computer code included with a 3GPP TS to implement a product?

Yes. Some 3GPP Technical Specifications include computer code such as ASN.1 or XML (protocols), C language (codecs), ...; and some include test patterns (codecs) for verifying implementations. These are published to allow users of these TSs to implement real-world products. No permission is required from 3GPP or its Organizational Partners (OPs) to use this code in the design of products - e.g. to compile the C to implement a codec in machine code.

Nevertheless, there may be essential IPR involved with such a design, and implementors are obliged to seek licences to use that technology. See also What is the 3GPP policy on licensing ?
Moreover, the copyright of all 3GPP TSs and TRs vests jointly by all the 3GPP OPs. Other than for in-house copies for the purpose of further development of the 3GPP standard or for product design purposes, etc. you may not reproduce any part of a 3GPP TS or TR without seeking permission: use the form available here. This means that you must not provide verbatim copies of source code (or lightly modified copies) without seeking permission from 3GPP.

Finally, you are reminded that 3GPP TSs and TRs have no legal status, and you should not design products directly to them. See the advice notice on the cover page of every 3GPP TS and TR. Instead, use the technically identical publication of one of the OPs.


 Where can the rules, protocols or software needed to develop applications for UMTS be found?

A good place to start is on the 3GPP website, and particularly the specifications list.

Look at the titles of the specs for those which are appropriate. Perhaps 21.111, 31.102 and 31.111 might be relevant.

 What is the correlation between Stage 1, Stage 2 (GSM 3.90 and GSM 02.90) and Phase 1, Phase 2?

The "stage" nomenclature was an ancient CCITT invention, related to ISDN standardisation. "Stage 1" refers to the service description from a service-user’s point of view. "Stage 2" is a logical analysis, breaking the problem down into functional elements and the information flows amongst them. "Stage 3" is the concrete implementation of the protocols between physical elements onto which the functional elements have been mapped.

 Is there any simple guide to the different CAMEL specifications?

Unfortunately there is no single document acting as a guide to the CAMEL standards. Initial plans were published in ETSI ETR 244 in 1995, though this is so old as to be more or less useless now. GSM 10.78 is the CAMEL project plan, and this is probably the best thing. This may have been available as a temp doc to SMG meeting no. 25, but is still only in draft form, and has never been made publicly available.

In the SS7 arena,

  • GSM 02.78 / UMTS 22.078 is the Stage 1 (requirements) document.
  • GSM 03.78 / UMTS 23.078 is the Stage 2 (functions, conceptual data flow)
  • GSM 09.78 / UMTS 29.078 is the Stage 3 (protocol) - CAMEL Application Part (CAP)
  • CAP has been released in several phases:
  • Release 1996 = Phase 1
  • Release 1997 = Phase 2
  • Release 1998 = Phase 2
  • Release 1999 = Phase 3 (GSM and UMTS common spec)

For UMTS, 21.978 is a feasibility study on CAMEL control of Voice over IP.

In the Intelligent Network area, CAMEL is an extension of Core INAP, under the control of ETSI SPAN3 (formerly SPS3) - ignore for simplicity the Stage 1 and Stage 2 specifications, which were under ETSI SPAN6 (formerly NA6). Core INAP was released in sevaral phases:

  • CS1 = ETS 300 374 series,
  • CS2 = EN 301 140 series,
  • CS3 = EN 301 931 series.

It had originally been intended to split CS3 into two releases, and also to produce a CS4. These plans now seem to be on hold. Tthe ETSI phasing of the various Capability Sets was not strictly aligned with the ITU-T "equivalents", and this was a source of some confusion. For further information on SPAN please contact : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. Very recently, SPAN has been reorganised, and SPAN3’s work is now to be found within SPAN12.

IN CAMEL phase 1 is an enhancement of Core INAP CS1. The protocol is defined in the ETSI EN 301 152 series, which is a "delta" to ETS 300 374, and assumes a CAP according to GSM 09.78 v5.5.x (Phase 2+, Release 1996). IN CS3 includes CAMEL aspects (which were ignored for IN CS2).

 Where are the specifications which identify the Vcc voltages for the SIM interface?

3V and 1.8 V SIMs for GSM are specified in GSM 11.12 (phase 2) and GSM 11.18 (release 98) respectively.
However, in 3GPP we have developed a new specification (3G TS 31.101) which combines the physical/electrical/logical aspects of GSM 11.11, GSM 11.12 and GSM 11.18 into a single specification. The electrical and physical aspects have not really been changed compared to the GSM specification mentioned above (the logical and security aspects have been enhanced). It is recommended that you use this new specification as the basis for any new work.

 Are the 3GPP specifications produced only in word?

The 3GPP specs are published as ETSI deliverables, and these are available in PDF from But you can download a free Word viewer (ie read only) from the Microsoft web site. PDF is inherently secure (more so than html, in fact), and because WordViewer is very simple (it can not handle macros, for example), it is pretty safe too.

ETSI has no plans at present to publish specifications in plain text or in html.

 Which group works with specifications covering the use of the GSM codec (either in C or Java based)?

The SMG11 and 3GPP SA4 specifications available from respectively deal with this. It gives you a list of specifications via the status list (look for the GSM specs in the MS-Access database at :
and you can then download the specs you need. If you do not have an ETSI EOL account, you can download the ETSI equivalent standards from

 Does the ETSI GSM standard document collection also include GSM standard documents produced by the GSM Association and exactly what kind of GSM standards does ETSI produce?

The GSM specifications were originally started in committee GSM of CEPT. There (as "CEPT Recommendations") they were allocated a reference number of the form nn.nn, for example GSM 06.12. Even after transfer to ETSI about ten years ago, the GSM community (in Technical Committee SMG) continue to use these spec identifiers.

The specifications are grouped into ’Releases’. The original specifications were published by ETSI in 1994 and are now known as ’Phase 1’. The next release was known as ’Phase 2’, and the next one as ... ’Phase 2+’. Within Phase 2+, there have been annual releases since 1996, which are known as R96, R97, R98 and R99. You can find the specifications on the SMG file server grouped into directories by Release. (You need an account on the ETSI server to have access to this directory.) Looking at a spec, you can tell which release it belongs to by the version number:

Version release:

  • 3.x.x Phase 1
  • 4.x.x Phase 2
  • 5.x.x Phase 2+, R96
  • 6.x.x Phase 2+, R97
  • 7.x.x Phase 2+, R98
  • 8.x.x Phase 2+, R99

There will (probably) not be a Release 2000, since the work has been subsumed by the third generation specifications under 3GPP.

All (nearly) the specs of all releases are published as ETSI deliverables, and most have undergone several revisions in each release. In order to match a GSM spec number and version with the corresponding ETSI deliverable, you should go to

 Where would I find a document (e.g. UMTS 30.03 version 3.1.0) which does not appear on the 3GPP Status List?

Look at but, an ETSI server account is needed to access this. It is a document stemming from the initial TC-SMG studies on UMTS, not a product of 3GPP. It was, in fact, published as an ETSI deliverable, TR 101 112, and this may be downloaded via

In general, the cross-referencing between GSM and ETSI deliverables, and between 3GPP and ETSI deliverables may be found at

 Where are all the Change Requests (CRs) located?

The information on CRs is available via the 3GPP website.

The information is classed by series so it is very easy to locate the particular specification which interests you.

If, for example, you are looking for CRs on GSM 08.18 then you would use this link:

 Where are all the current ETSI SMG specs located?

All the archives for the GSM documentation

An ETSI On-Line account is needed to access these documents. You can apply for an ETSI online account.

In general, the cross-referencing between GSM and ETSI deliverables, and between 3GPP and ETSI deliverables may be found here.

 Which group works on the W-CDMA and the Physical Layer of W-CDMA?

The radio aspects are standardised in TSG-RAN. The technical work is done in the 4 Working Groups of RAN (WG1 radio layer 1, WG2 radio layer 2/3, WG3 interfaces, WG4 RF measurements). I’d say you are interested in TSG-RAN WG1 then. Their specifications are numbered 25.2xx.

The temporary documents (meeting documents etc.) of WG1 are stored on and the latest specifications (December 99) are or will be provided on

 Where can I find the list of Abstract syntax notation (ASN.1) object identifiers?

The expandable list of object identifiers is available here >>>. To see the formal definition of the object identifiers, see the document cited on the right. The tree is not necessarily complete; further extensions may be included in the referenced document. For more information look here >>>

 Where can I find the 3GPP Confidentiality and Integrity algorithms?

The 3GPP Confidentiality and Integrity algorithms F8 & F9 (KASUMI) have been developed through the collaborative efforts of the 3GPP Organizational Partners. For more information and in order to download the algorithms look here >>>

 What is a Release - how does specification version numbering work?

To meet new market requirements, 3GPP specifications are continually being enhanced with new features. In order to provide developers with a stable platform for implementation while at the same time allowing the addition of new features, the 3GPP uses a system of parallel "releases". For more information look here >>>

 Where can I find information on the current status of 3GPP specifications?

New versions of many 3GPP specifications are made available shortly after the 3GPP TSG plenary meetings which take place four times a year (March, June, September and December). In order to identify what the current version is or and how to find information about older versions of specifications look here >>>.

 What is the system for numbering specifications? Which specifications contain information on specific topics?

All 3G and GSM specifications have a 3GPP specification number consisting of 4 or 5 digits. (e.g. 09.02 or 29.002). For a more complete description and examples look here >>>

Technical Specification Group/Working Group

 Who are the TSG/WG Officials and Support team and Where can I find their contact details?

Each TSG/WG has a Chairman, up to two Vice-Chairmen (three Vice-Chairmen) in the case of TSGs), a secretary and a member of the support team. From the 3GPP structural organization page, click on the TSG or WG of interest to reach its home page. From there, click on the "List of elected officials" entry in the table.

 Where can I find the Terms of Reference for my TSG/WG?

The current Terms of Reference for each TSG/WG appear on the web pages of each TSG/WG.

 When did the Officials begin their Term of Office?

The four Technical Specification Groups (TSGs) have elected their 3GPP TSG officials at the Fort Lauderdale (FL) meeting in March.

The meeting reports for each TSG/WG will indicate the election/re-election/resignation of an official. A complete list of TSG/WG officials is available on the 3GPP web site.

 May I become an Official?

The TSG Chairman and Vice Chairmen are elected by the Technical Specification Group from amongst the Individual Member representatives. Each TSG can elect a maximum of two Vice Chairmen. Once elected, these candidates are proposed to the PCG for appointment.

The Working Group Chairman and Vice Chairmen are elected by the Working Group from amongst the Individual Member representatives. Each Working Group can elect a maximum of two Vice Chairmen.

A candidate for TSG or Working Group election shall provide a letter of support from his Organization and nominations may be made up to the point when an election takes place.

The TSG Chairman and Vice-Chairmen shall be appointed by the PCG on the proposal of the TSG.

The Chairman and the Vice-Chairmen shall be appointed for a two year term of office. The Chairman and Vice-Chairmen may be appointed for one further consecutive term. If, at the end of a Chairman or Vice Chairmans second term, no other candidates are available, the Chairman or Vice Chairmen may be appointed for a further term.

Chairman and Vice Chairmen should not be from the same region, Organizational Partner, or from the same group of companies, unless no other candidate is available.

Successive Chairmen should not be from the same Organizational Partner, the same region or from the same group of companies, unless no other candidate is available

 Where are my TSG/WGs documents stored?

Each TSG/WG has a specific area allocated on the 3GPP ftp server.

 Is the ETSI Secretariat responsible for the management of the Application Provider Codes for 3GPP ?

The ETSI secretariat does not actually allocate these number - unique number are obtained by the coding scheme that is defined in 31.110. Application identifiers for consist of two parts - a RID and a PIX.

The RID is simple: ISO/IEC have allocated the number ’A000000087’ to the 3GPP. This was allocated to ETSI on behalf of the 3GPP.

The coding of the PIX is specified in annex B of 31.110. There are three different sorts of PIX:

  • 3G UICC,
  • 3G USIM, and
  • 3G USIM toolkit

Each of these requires the use of the "Card issuer code" as defined in ITU-T recommendation E.118 [3]. This is a unique code given to each card issuer (for example, each GSM operator in the world has requested a card issuer code). So, any 3G operator that does not have a 2G system that uses SIMs will have to apply to the ITU-T in accordance with the procedures in E.118.

Documents and TSG/WG Meetings

 How do I register for a meeting?

If you are a TSG/WG member you will receive information about forthcoming meetings via the e-mail exploder. This will indicate the path on the ftp server where the invitation and related documents may be found. You may also consult the Meetings area on the 3GPP Web where the latest invitations of each TSG/WG are stored together with the calendar of meetings.

 How do I submit a contribution for a meeting?

Each meeting invitation will contain details of how to register contributions for that meeting and who to send your contributions to.

 How do I obtain a document number for my contribution?

Each meeting invitation will contain details of how to register contributions for that meeting and who to send your contributions to.

 Where can I download documents for an upcoming meeting?

Each meeting invitation will contain details of where the documents are stored for the meeting. It is advisable for delegates attending a meeting to download the documents available prior to the meeting from the ftp server and onto their personal computers.

 Where can I find a temporary document template?

The document template is made available by each TSG/WG in the meeting respective folder on the ftp server.

 What happens if I am unable to attend a meeting?

You should contact your chairman and the meeting host indicating when you will be absent.

Work Items and Deliverables

 What is my role when my TSG/WGs has to approve a deliverable?

Approval of Technical Specifications and Technical reports by a TSG shall normally be by consensus.

Where consensus cannot be achieved in the TSG a vote may be taken.

When Technical Specifications and Technical Reports become sufficiently stable, they shall be put under change control of the relevant TSG. The further elaboration of these Technical Specifications and Technical Reports shall be achieved by Change Requests (CRs) to be approved by the TSG.

 What are the different types of deliverables?

3GPP shall prepare, approve and maintain documents known as Technical Specifications and Technical Reports. Such documents shall be drawn up by the TSGs and shall, following approval at that level, be submitted to the participating Organizational Partners to be submitted to their respective standardization processes.

 Can I write an 3GPP Document myself?

Why not?! If you wish to propose a deliverable then bring it to the attention of your chairman and the other members of the TSG/WG in order to discuss the subject.

Each proposed new Work Item shall be supported by at least four Individual Members, and their names shall be recorded in the Work Item definition prepared for the TSG approval. One or more persons shall be named as Rapporteur for the proposed Work Item, and the Rapporteur shall act as the prime contact point on technical matters and for information on progress throughout the drafting phases.The supporting Individual Members are expected to contribute to and progress the new work item throughout the drafting phases.

In addition to the above, TSGs shall approve new Work Items, giving all essential parameters. The proposal shall be entered into the 3GPP work programme, clearly marked as a new entry, for which a unique reference identity shall be allocated.

 Do I and my company have to support my TSG/WGs Work Items?

Neither you or your company is obliged to support the work items of your TSG/WG, however it is normal that if you and your company are supporting members of a Work Item that you be in agreement with their work and will normally support the production of the related deliverable.


 How do I resolve the problem with the corrupt file warning in MSWord. Note that this only applies to MSWord2000?

Problem: When opening a document in Word 2000, the following error message appears: This document may be corrupt. To preserve the contents: Choose Select All from the Edit menu, then choose Copy from the Edit menu. Create a new document, then choose Paste from the Edit menu.

Cause: This may be related to something called list templates. A list template is created for every numbering or bulleting scheme defined in the document. Apparently, a minor change in a scheme, or even switching a list from numbered to bulleted creates a new template. In an arcane way, tables are also related to list templates. The template count increases automatically, but cannot be decreased by the user. When more than 1500 templates are defined in the list, the document becomes corrupt. There are more reasons why a document is corrupt, so the fix proposed will not solve the problem 100% of the times.


  1. To solve the problem, you need to have MS Office 2000 Service Release 1/1a installed . To check this, in Word on the "Help" menu point to "About Microsoft Word". The first line in the window shows you the MSWord version you have. You should get something like: "Microsoft Word 2000 (9.0.3821 SR-1)". If you don’t get SR-1 (or SR-1a) at the end, you need to install the Service Release. Contact your IT department or follow this link:
  2. You have to introduce a new entry in the Windows registry. You can do this simply by clicking twice in the file "word_bug_fix.reg" attached. Note that modifying the Windows Registry incorrectly can cause serious problems; this fix simply introduces a new entry in a MSWord part of the registry, but if you don’t feel confident, contact your IT department or check the Microsoft link below.
  3. Open MSWord normally. The fix proposed will open the corrupted files without warning and delete the unused list templates, so its count goes under 1500. The user will not notice anything, but this implies that the document is modified. When closing, MSWord will ask the user if he wants to save the changes, even if apparently no change has been made.

This bug is confirmed by Microsoft and it is listed in its Support Web Site. Follow this link to get the complete report:

  Do I need a password and user name to access the 3GPP Web site ?

No password is needed to access any information on the 3GPP Web site, all information is openly published.

 Can you give me information about which companies manufacture particular types of equipment. Or about what services are available on particular networks?

No. The 3GPP Support Team must remain neutral and must not show bias to any of its Individual Members. Such information may be available from the Global Mobile Suppliers Association ( where you will find a statistics area which could be of help.

Technical topics

 Where can I find a list of technical terms and abbreviations used in 3GPP documents?

Individual terms are defined in each 3GPP Technical Specification and Technical Report. A compendium of terms and abbreviations can be found in 3GPP TR 21.905. ETSI maintains a list of all terms and abbreviations defined in its publications in "TEDDI".

 What is the difference between a SIM and a USIM? What is a UICC?

The Universal Integrated Circuit Card (UICC) is the removable card bearing a silicon chip which holds 3GPP system subscriber information. The UICC is a general purpose card having both non-volatile memory and a general-purpose processor. Thus while it is used, in a 3GPP terminal, to hold (U)SIM information / applications, it is can also be used for other purposes, possibly unrelated to telecommunications. A common use of UICCs is in the well-known credit card format, and there is no reason why a single card could not hold (U)SIM functionality in addition to electronic purse / credit card functionality, or indeed any other application / data.

The Subscriber Identity Module (SIM) is the collection of functions which personalize a 3GPP terminal. The SIM contains static information about the services subscribed to, the phone number, the identity of the home network, a list of preferred roaming networks, and so on. The SIM also contains storage capacity for the subscriber’s contacts’ phone numbers. The term "SIM" is often misused for "UICC". The SIM concept was created during the early development of the GSM standards, and second-generation (based on GERAN) terminals up to and including Release 4 use SIM functionality.

For third generation systems (based on UTRAN), more complex functionality was called for, and the SIM evolved into the USIM or Universal Subscriber Identity Module. Release 99 3rd generations onwards use USIMs rather than SIMs. From Release 5 onwards, both second and third generation terminals use USIMs (though to maintain backwards compatibility with older networks and terminals, later Release 2nd generation USIMs are likely to implement Rel-4 SIM functionality in addition to Rel-5 or later USIM functionality).

For further information on the 3GPP Release system, see the Release page.

 What is an R-UIM?

Short answer: nothing to do with us!

Longer answer: the R-UIM is to 3GPP2 systems what the USIM is to 3GPP systems. (3GPP2 is an independent organization responsible for the standardization of CDMA2000.)

 I have transferred a movie file from my phone to my PC. Where can I find a player for 3gp files?

The 3gp file format is defined in 3GPP TS 26.244 and in TS 26.412. However, 3GPP has not defined a decoder. Your phone manufacturer may have supplied a player (check the CD-ROM which came with your phone) or look on its web site. Alternatively, search the Internet: a number of commercial players exist, and trial versions of some may be downloaded without charge.

 What formalities do I have to go through to get type approval for terminal equipment in Europe? Is there a single point of contact? What standards does my equipment need to conform to in order that I can place it on the market?

The legal requirements for the marketing of electrical products in Europe are governed by various EU Directives, depending on the nature of the equipment. Conformity with any of these Directives can be demonstrated by the use of Harmonized Standards, whose title has been cited in the Official Journal of the European Union. The lists of relevant standards can be found on the Commission web site which can be accessed via

General electrical equipment is covered by the EMC Directive & Low Voltage Directives, see . The harmonized standards are listed at and respectively. More general information on procedures to declare conformity and how equipment should be marked are contained on the web sites related to the two Directives.

Radio Equipment and Telecommunications Terminal Equipment is covered by the Radio and Telecommunications Terminal Equipment Directive, see, which also includes a link to the one-stop procedure for "placing on the market" ( The standards are listed at .

Further information on EU harmonized standards relevant to telecommunications can be found on the ETSI site at, and the published standards themselves can be downloaded via

 Where can I find the specification of the SIM Lock feature?

In clause 8 of 3GPP TS 22.022.

 Is it possible to determine the date and time of publication of a particular version of a 3GPP document?

1) Meeting contributions (including Change Requests)

Meeting contributions ("TDocs") are uploaded to the public file server shortly before, or during, or shortly after the meeting at which they were discussed (or intended to be discussed). The timestamp of the file can be relied upon as a precise indication of the moment of upload. TDocs created very shortly before or during a meeting may not be uploaded until after the meeting, but will have been made available locally to the participants during the meeting. The timestamp of the Word (or whatever) file within the containing Zip file is a good indication of the earliest moment that the document could have been available. However, some authors will circulate draft or final copies of their TDocs on the relevant group’s email exploder some days or even weeks prior to this time. This would be revealed by an examination of the exploder’s archive.

2) Technical Specifications and Technical Reports

During the drafting phase (versions lower than 3.0.0), 3GPP TSs and TRs ("Specs") are under the control of their authors ("rapporteurs") and are handled like normal meeting contributions (see above). Revised versions incorporating text agreed by the responsible working group are often made available by the rapporteur via the group’s email exploder shortly after the end of the meeting at which such text was discussed. Again, counsultation of the exploder archives can reveal this. Alternatively, a revised draft may be sent directly to the 3GPP Support Team, and it will be uploaded to the public file server (specs archive directory) shortly afterwards. Again, the time stamp of the Zip file can be relied upon to indicate when the upload occurred.

After formal approval by the TSG (versions 3.0.0 or greater), Specs are edited only by the Support Team. The first approved version is based upon the draft version formally approved by the TSG, and thereafter versions are generated whenever Change Requests are approved by the TSG. These versions are made available shortly after the TSG meeting at which such approval occurred. The date (year and month) shown at the top of the Spec’s cover page indicates either the date of (the last day of) the meeting, or the month in which the new version was prepared. However a more precise indication of the date of availability can be obtained from the Spec’s web page (via the table at where a precise date is shown in the "available" column.

More information on the procedures relating to Spec handing can be found in 3GPP TR 21.900.

Note that, in accordance with the statement at the foot of the cover page of all 3GPP Specs, 3GPP does not "publish" its Specs per se. Formal publication is the responsibility of the individual Standards Development Organizations which comprise the Organizational Partners of 3GPP. For further information, see

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